• Muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder causing progressive muscle weakness and degeneration.
  • It affects mobility, breathing, and other physical functions.
  • Rehabcare Lahore provides specialized therapies and support to manage symptoms and improve quality of life for individuals with muscular dystrophy.

Duchenne type Muscular Dystrophy:

  • Frequent falls
  • Difficulty rising from a lying or sitting position
  • Trouble running and jumping
  • Waddling gait
  • Walking on the toes
  • Large calf muscles
  • Muscle pain and stiffness
  • Learning disabilities
  • Delayed growth

Becker Muscular Dystrophy:

Other types of Muscular Dystrophy:

  • Myotonic; This is characterized by an inability to relax muscles following contractions. Facial and neck muscles are usually the first to be affected. People with this form typically have long, thin faces; drooping eyelids; and swanlike necks.
  • Facioscapulohumeral (FSHD); Muscle weakness typically begins in the face, hip and shoulders. The shoulder blades might stick out like wings when arms are raised. Onset usually occurs in the teenage years but can begin in childhood or as late as age 50.
  • Congenital; This type affects boys and girls and is apparent at birth or before age 2. Some forms progress slowly and cause only mild disability, while others progress rapidly and cause severe impairment.
  • Limb-girdle; Hip and shoulder muscles are usually affected first. People with this type of muscular dystrophy might have difficulty lifting the front part of the foot and so might trip frequently. Onset usually begins in childhood or the teenage years.

Complications

  • Trouble walking; Some people with muscular dystrophy eventually need to use a wheelchair.
  • Trouble using arms; Daily activities can become more difficult if the muscles of the arms and shoulders are affected.
  • Shortening of muscles or tendons around joints (contractures); Contractures can further limit mobility.
  • Breathing problems; Progressive weakness can affect the muscles associated with breathing. People with muscular dystrophy might eventually need to use a breathing assistance device (ventilator), initially at night but possibly also during the day.
  • Curved spine (scoliosis); Weakened muscles might be unable to hold the spine straight.
  • Heart problems; Muscular dystrophy can reduce the efficiency of the heart muscle.
  • Swallowing problems; If the muscles involved with swallowing are affected, nutritional problems and aspiration pneumonia can develop. Feeding tubes might be an option.