• Down syndrome is a genetic condition resulting from an extra chromosome 21.
  • It is characterized by intellectual disability, distinctive facial features, and specific medical concerns.
  • Rehabcare Lahore provides specialized programs and therapies to support individuals with Down syndrome in their development and overall well-being.

What causes Down Syndrome ?

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Types of Down Syndrome :

Trisomy 21:

Translocation:

Translocation refers to a type of genetic anomaly where a piece of one chromosome breaks off and attaches to another chromosome. This can result in alterations in gene structure or function, potentially leading to genetic disorders or abnormalities. In medical contexts, translocations are often associated with conditions such as certain types of cancer or genetic syndromes. Understanding translocation patterns is crucial in genetic testing and counseling, as it helps in diagnosing and managing associated health conditions.

 

 

What are the symptoms of Down syndrome?

At birth, babies with Down syndrome usually have certain characteristic signs, including:

  • Flat facial features
  • Small head and ears
  • Short neck
  • Bulging tongue
  • Eyes that slant upward
  • Atypically shaped ears
  • Poor muscle tone

Medical complications often accompany Down syndrome. These may include:

  • Congenital Heart Defects
  • Hearing Loss
  • poor vision
  • Cataract (clouded eyes)
  • Hip problems, such as dislocations
  • leukemia
  • chronic constipation
  • Sleep Apnea (interrupted breathing during sleep)
  • Dementia (thought and memory problems)
  • Hypothyroidism (low thyroid function)
  • Obesity
  • late tooth growth, causing problems with chewing
  • Alzeimer’s Disease, later in life
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